This Homo neanderthaliens skull replica is a recreation of an early human species fossil. The originial Homo neanderthaliens skull was discovered in 1908 in La Chapelle-aux-Saints, France. The specimen was the most complete Neanderthal skull found at the time. Called the "old man" it is clear that he lived a long time, having much pathology, such as the declined tooth sockets in the molar region. Despite his very large brain capacity (over 1600cc) early descriptions declared him to be primitive. More recently, however, many scientists suggest that Neanderthal was a highly successful and social species. This Homo neanderthaliens skull and its large cranium are representative of many fossil remains of neanderthals found throughout present-day Europe. Neanderthals lived from 200,000 to 30,000 years ago. The Homo neanderthaliens skull replica is a great educational tool for many areas of study, including comparative anatomy.